Greeks borrowed the alphabet from the Phoenicians


… the shortage of written sources is ubiquitous in this period in the Mediterranean and the Near East. Apart from a change in the political landscape and social structures, the transition from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age witnessed the expansion of alphabetic writing on perishable materials, which may for a large part explain the apparent textual darkness of this period. It is evident that the 8th century brought changes and an explosion of written data, which is not only the case in Greece but also in the Levant.53 As argued above on p. 101-102, from the 8th century onwards the use of writing expanded; it was no longer restricted to economic and administrative texts on perishable materials, but, as literacy among the population spread, it also became used for private inscriptions of a proprietary, dedicative and poetic nature on more robust mediums.

More on the subject:
From Academia: The case for an early transmission … by Willemijn Waal.

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